Polkadot Launch Roadmap

Polkadot is rolling out the most robust platform for security, scalability and innovation. Having launched the genesis block of its Relay Chain in May 2020, Polkadot is now on track to launch several parachains in 2021.

Current Phase

Parachain Rollout

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  • PoA

    Web3 Foundation will launch Polkadot in Proof of Authority mode. During this time, most users will be able to:

    Claim tokens from their Ethereum contract,
    Stake tokens and declare their intent to validate or nominate.

    Validators will also be able to set their Session keys in preparation for Proof of Stake, and Web3 Foundation will be able to use the Sudo key to manage the chain and enable more features.

    Advancing to the Next Phase

    Once the network is running smoothly and has a sufficient number of well staked validators, we will enable Nominated Proof of Stake with a Sudo call to change eras, and therefore perform the first validator election.

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  • NPoS

    During Nominated Proof of Stake, the network will run with a decentralized set of validators. During this phase, Web3 Foundation will use Sudo to increase the number of validators in the set.

    Advancing to the Next Phase

    Once Web3 Foundation is confident that the network is working well - no slashing due to client issues, functioning validator elections - the Sudo key will issue a runtime upgrade that enables Polkadot's governance system.

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  • Governance and Removing Sudo

    With Polkadot's governance system enabled, it can elect the first Council and Technical Committee and start accepting public proposals. While the Sudo key might still be needed for a few operations, governance can take over most of the chain's decisions. Once Sudo is removed, root calls will only be dispatchable via governance.

    Advancing to the Next Phase

    With a Council and Technical Committee in place, Sudo will be removed. Without Sudo, Polkadot is fully in the hands of the token holders. One of the first features they will enable is token transfers with a runtime upgrade.

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  • Enable Balance Transfers

    Polkadot allows balance transfers.

    Advancing to the Next Phase

    To enable remaining functionality, Polkadot's governance will need to pass one (or a series of) runtime upgrades.

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  • Current Phase: Parachain Rollout

    Before being enabled by Polkadot’s network governance, parachains will be tested and optimized both on parachain testnets and on Kusama. Once the code has been fully tested, audited and benchmarked, and parachains are running smoothly on Kusama, Polkadot governance can enable parachains and begin parachain slot lease auctions. Parachain slots will be auctioned one-by-one, with each auction lasting about two weeks.

    Advancing to the Next Phase

    With parachains live on Polkadot, the network’s launch will officially be complete. How the network evolves from its initial vision and design will be up to the network’s on-chain governance community.

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  • Future Upgrades

    Polkadot upgrades currently under development include upgrades to XCMP (Cross-Chain Message Passing) and the launch of parathreads. These and any subsequent upgrades can be enabled by Polkadot’s on-chain governance community once development, testing, benchmarking, and auditing are complete.

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